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Table 3 Participants were asked to agree with each statement regarding password managers on a scale of 1 = “Strongly disagree” to 5 = “Strongly agree”

From: An investigation into users’ considerations towards using password managers

Statement Users Non-users U test
Mean (med.) Mean (med.) U Sig.
I trust password managers 3.77 (4) 3.05 (3) 4422.5 <0.001
Password managers are more secure 3.58 (4) 2.98 (3) 5125 <0.000
Password managers help people 4.28 (4) 3.85 (4) 5231.5 <0.001
Password managers are easy to use 4.19 (4) 3.87 (4) 5742 <0.001
Password managers are more convenient 4.16 (4) 3.84 (4) 5966 0.002
I understand the theory behind password managers 4.14 (4) 3.89 (4) 6606.5 0.053
I understand why password managers are secure 3.78 (4) 3.05 (3) 4580 <0.001
I worry that accessing my accounts may be more difficult with a password manager 2.31 (2) 2.69 (2) 6063.5 0.004
  1. Average and median response rating for each group is shown along with the resulting U statistic and significance value of a Mann–Whitney U test comparing responses for each statement between the groups