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Table 1 Network parameters

From: A multi-hop graph-based approach for an energy-efficient routing protocol in wireless sensor networks

Parameter Value
Initial energy of a sensor node (\(E_0\)) 0.1 J
\(E_{elec}\) 50 nJ/bit
\(\varepsilon _{fs}\) 10 pJ/bit/m\(^2\)
\(\varepsilon _{mp}\) 0.0013 pJ/bit/m\(^4\)
\(d_0\) 78.7 m
Packet size (l) 2000 bits
Initial energy of the BS node (\(E_{BS0}\)) \(10^3\) J
Initial pheromone value \(\tau _{cte}\) 1
m 0.1
\(\alpha\) 1
\(\beta\) 1