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Table 6 Pose invariant 3D face recognition approaches

From: 3D face recognition: a survey

Name Pose variations 3D face database No. of faces Accuracy
Lu et al. [61] Up to 45° MSU 300 98%
Dibeklioglu et al. [62, 63] Up to 45° Bosphorus 3396 79.41%
Blanz et al. [34, 64] Up to 40° FRGC 150 92%
Mian et al. [65] Up to 90° FRGC 4007 99.74%
Segundo et al. [66] < 15° FRGC 2.0 4950 100%
Wei et al. [67] < 15° BU-3DFE 2500 98%
Mahmood et al. [59] Up to 60° GavabDB 509 90%
Drira et at. [58] Up + 35° GavabDB 549 100% for looking up
Down − 35°   98.36% for looking down
Right + 90°   70.49% from right side
    86.89% from left side
Passalis et al. [55] Up to 80° along the vertical axis UND 1018
Berretti et al. [57] Up to 60° UND FRGC v2.0 GavabDB 4007 82.1%
Perakis et al. [56] Up to 80° along the vertical axis UND 414
Ding et al. [60] Up to 90° LFW 92.95%