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Table 3 Social media platforms often used in online hate detection research

From: Developing an online hate classifier for multiple social media platforms

SourcePrimary sourceSecondary sourceTertiary source
Hosseinmardi et al. [3]Instagram
Almerekhi et al. [73]Reddit
Kumar et al. [2]Reddit
Davidson et al. [16]Twitter
Silva et al. [35], Mondal et al. [32]TwitterWhisper
Badjatiya et al. [29]Twitter
Chatzakou et al. [10, 111, 112]Twitter
ElSherief et al. [37]Twitter
Unsvag and Gambäck [60]Twitter
Agarwal and Sureka [113]YouTube
Salminen et al. [5]YouTube
Djuric et al. [30]Yahoo
Nobata et al. [23]Yahoo
Wulczyn et al. [7]Wikipedia
  1. Typically, researchers use data only from one platform