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Table 7 URL spoofing tricks categorized as described by Canova et al. [128]

From: Don’t click: towards an effective anti-phishing training. A comparative literature review

Category Description Example
1 Internet Protocol (IP) address as URL, no brand
2 Random/unrelated/trustworthy URL. Does not contain the company name.
3 Random/unrelated/trustworthy URL. Company name at the place of the department.
4 Random/unrelated/trustworthy/IP domain. Company name at the place of the topic/path.
5 Derived domains: The who section seems similar to the the real URL but uses an additional term
6 URL that contains well-hidden typos
7 URL in which chars are replaced by similar-looking letters and numbers