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Table 1 Comparison of DL and classical machine learning techniques

From: Deep learning scheme for character prediction with position-free touch screen-based Braille input method

Classification techniques used TPR TNR PPV NPV TA FPR FNR FDR
Naïve Bayes NaN 96.64% NaN 99.38% 96.38% 3.36% NaN NaN
Decision Trees NaN 98.82% NaN 98.23% 97.20% 1.18% NaN NaN
KNN NaN 98.60% NaN 98.11% 97.04% 1.40% NaN NaN
SVM 68.67% 99.16% 76.75% 98.72% 83.00% 0.84% 31.33% 23.25%
Sequential Model 90.76% 99.63% 91.07% 99.2% 92.21% 0.36% 9.20% 8.90%
GoogLeNet Model 95.89% 99.83% 96.61% 99.83% 95.8% 0.16% 4.10% 3.39%